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Job Information

Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.


  • Work at remote field sites is common.
  • Twenty-three percent of all geoscientists and hydrologists are employed in government.
  • Employers prefer applicants with a master's degree for most positions; a Ph.D. degree is required for most research and college teaching positions.
  • Excellent job opportunities are expected for geoscientists with a master's degree.


Personality I'm a problem solver
Salary $84,470/yr ($42.24/hr)
Job Outlook Average
Education Bachelors